Fibre optic vs



Keywords: fibre optic vs, ethernet cables computers fiber optic optical cable network cable
Description: Advances in technology require increasingly faster rates of data transmission. As a result, data carry methods have evolved beyond the basic copper cabling system used by telephone networks. Gigabit Ethernet...

Advances in technology require increasingly faster rates of data transmission. As a result, data carry methods have evolved beyond the basic copper cabling system used by telephone networks. Gigabit Ethernet cables allow data transfer rates of 1 to 10 Gigabits per second (Gbps). When compared to earlier data transfer rates of 10 Megabits per second (Mbps), the speed increase is significant. Data transfers at this rate can be accomplished in a variety of ways, with Gigabit Ethernet cable or optical fiber network cables the most common methods. Each method has advantages and disadvantages, as different types of cable are better for different applications. Network cables are available from computer supply stores and online.

Gigabit Ethernet cables are usually made up of multiple strands of copper wire that are twisted together to form a cable with four twisted wire pairs per cable. Data is transmitted along these pairs through electrical signals, with two pairs used to send information and two pairs used to receive information. The Electronic Industries Association and the Telecommunications Industry Association (EIA/TIA) define Ethernet cabling categories according to each type of cable’s performance, as well as the network speed and frequency (or bandwidth) supported. Cat 5e and 6 Ethernet cables are designed for high speed Gigabit Ethernet, with Cat 6 cables able to support speeds of up to 10 Gbps.

Optical fiber cables are made up of strands of optically pure glass that can be as thin as a human hair. These strands carry digital information with light instead of electrical currents. Strands are arranged in bundles called optical cabling. A transmitter converts electrical data into beams of light that travel along the fiber cable. A receiver converts the light information back into electrical data to be processed. Multi-mode optical fiber is used over short distances and can transfer data at rates of 10 Mbps to 10 Gbps.

cables. The table below lists and compares some characteristics of each type of cable, highlighting the advantages and disadvantages of each.




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