Design a patio

Keywords: deck design, deck designer, patio design, patio designer, outdoor living area, design software, design, designs, designer, patio, deck, decking, decks, concrete
Description: Quickly design, build and calculate the cost and square footage of any deck, patio, or fire pit in minutes! FREE on-line patio designer!

It's fun thinking about a patio for your outdoor living area. You might be imagining entertaining your family and friends. Perhaps relaxing quietly enjoying the peace and quiet is a nice thought or even listening to some trickling water.

1. How large do you need your patio to be? Is it just a small sitting area for two, or do you need the space to entertain large groups of people? As a guide, a sixty inch round table and chairs would need about fifteen feet of space. This allows for chairs to be maneuvered and also allows for access around the furniture. A lounge needs approximately ten feet of space. A patio which is fifteen feet by twenty feet or about 300 square feet is decent size.

2. Work with a design that looks well with the architecture of your home. Sometimes the simplicity of interesting geometric shapes and paving patterns look elegant. In other situations, curvilinear designs look beautiful and might blend in well with natural surroundings.

3. What about paving materials? Are you looking for an inexpensive solution? Colored concrete works nicely. I suggested this for a client on a budget and they loved it. I designed the concrete so that it was patterned with large squares for interest. Do you have your heart set on natural stone? Travertine pavers are becoming popular. They are actual stone but are cut into regular shapes for an easy, dry laid installation. Bluestone is always beautiful whether it be laid in mortar or dry laid. You can choose from irregular or regular shapes.

4. How high above the ground is your door to the house? If there is a four inch to eight inch difference, you can plan on just stepping onto the patio. However, if your doorway is higher, some creative design work must be done. Many times I will create a nice sized landing to step onto. From this, a few steps are provided down to the patio. This provides a comfortable area to step onto, rather than just a narrow step. If your door is very high, you can also add some steps off the patio. The ideas is to create a gradual transition to ground level.

5. Seat walls are a nice addition to patios. They not only provide something attractive and vertical to look at, but also additional seating and a nice place for conversation. Seat walls should be eighteen to twenty four inches high and a minimum of one foot deep. The top of the wall should be flat. For example, if the seat wall is to be made of natural stone, a bluestone cap provides a comfortable seat and also a resting place for food or drinks.

6. Think about some nice features to add to your patio. The sound of water from a natural or formal pond at the edge or nearby is both beautiful and peaceful. Perhaps a special sculpture works well in the design. If your patio is in a hot and sunny area, consider a pergola or trellis for shade. You might even include a simple bird bath fountain.

Considering all of these design elements will lead to a patio project that is aesthetic, functional and enjoyable.

Susan Schlenger is a professional Landscape Designer with a degree in Landscape Architecture. To read more about creative patio design ideas, visit

You have options for your patio design. A professional landscape architect or landscape artist would certainly do an excellent job of considering your wants and needs while creating a truly unique and custom patio design. This would generally be the most expensive option.

Many folks will decide to design their patio themselves. Everyone has a little bit of "designer" in them. Check out other patio designs that you like, perhaps your neighbors', or maybe at open houses or model homes. See different patios in person and come up with your initial concept.

Check out some books on patio design. You'll find all kinds of potential ideas to combine into your dream patio. If you are computer handy, there is some great computer patio design software available. Put your ideas onto your own professional blueprints.

Pre-designed patio and deck plans are also an option to consider. Just browse through the different sample designs and find the one that suits your needs best. You can always start with these and custom-tailor them to your personal needs.

Keep in mind that some localities may require permits to build a patio. They may request a set of plans to review.

There are so many different materials to consider in your patio design. Again, you will want to see some examples in person to get a feel for what you like best. Here are some brief descriptions of some of the more popular patio materials:

Brick - Very traditional, lasts a long time, can be new or "historical" bricks. Different patterns are possible. Not quite as expensive as stone.

Concrete (Stamped and Colored) - Very practical and increasingly popular. Often looks just like stone or bricks. Less expensive. Will probably need a professional with lots of experience to get the best-finished product.

Concrete (Plain) - Most affordable option. Not always the most aesthetically pleasing, but can always be spruced up with brick borders, etc.

All of these are good materials to use in your patio design. Of course you can use a combination of materials too. Another thing to think about is the material's color. Darker means more heat absorption and warmth. Lighter means a cooler appearance, and glare can be a concern. Your final choice will come down to your vision and your budget.

In all likelihood, you prefer to relax in the shade, right? If not, go ahead and skip this section. Anyway you will want to be aware of the many different options to cover your patio. Keep in mind some covers will be better for shade than rain and visa-versa. We'll go into more detail at a different time and place, but here is a brief list of some of the ways to cover a patio:

You can probably think of a few more options yourself. Or, perhaps you would rather have no patio cover at all. Again, this is YOUR patio design!

While you are designing your patio, it is important to keep in mind who will actually be building it. If you will have professionals design it, they will most likely have suggestions and their own ideas for you to consider in your plans. It might be best to consult with them and get their opinions before you start designing.

Have you decided to make your patio a Do-It-Yourself (DIY) project? If so, more power to you. There is nothing better than tackling a project and then being able to admire the results for years to come, knowing that you did it all yourself. One thing to remember though. Do your research first and keep the design within your capability to actually build the project.

Again, a permit may be necessary to build your patio. You will want to check into that before you start.

Most of the time, patio designs place a patio adjacent to a house with easy access from a central living area, such as a family room, living room, or kitchen. Often, patios are also found as components of outdoor living spaces such as gardens. You should put your patio wherever it will be convenient for what you will use it for. For example, if you would frequently use it for outdoor dining, consider having your patio outside of the kitchen. Most importantly, your patio is your patio. Put it where it makes you happy.

Most people will end up doing some outdoor grilling on their patio. Some people choose to have complete outdoor kitchens as part of their patio design. Once again, the options are only limited by your imagination (and your budget!)

The most basic option would be to have a simple charcoal or gas grill to cook on your patio. Tried and true, this will do the job every time. If this is your intention, you really don't need to go into too much detail for this aspect of your patio design.

However, if you want to have a built in grill island, you will need to do some measuring and come up with a solid plan (many grill islands are build of stone!) beforehand. In addition to a gas grill, your patio island can include a refrigerator, sinks, entertainment centers, or pretty much any amenity you could possibly imagine. The sky really is the limit.

Your patio design should make your patio big enough to be comfortable and small enough to be intimate. Since a patio is really considered an outside room, think about how big you would want it to be if it was an inside room.

Are you thinking about your patio furniture? Now is a good time. Patio furniture ranges from very cheap to outrageously expensive. Price really isn't what you are looking for though. You want quality pieces that are going to last many years to come. This does not mean that you'll need to spend great deals of money on your furniture. Just buy smart.

Perhaps you want the basic patio set. a table and a few chairs to surround it. This is probably the most essential place to start. In your search, you'll find a range of glass top tables, laminate top tables, iron furniture, aluminum patio furniture, wicker furniture, plastic furniture, and different outdoor wood furniture such as teak and cedar. Factors to help make your decision are finding what best matches your patio, your budget, and how long the furniture is made to last. But please also do one very important thing. Make sure the furniture is COMFORTABLE!

After you find the essentials, other patio furniture to consider for your design would be lounge chairs, extra accent tables and chairs, garden benches, and patio swings (or porch swings). Also, many folks are doing built in benches, tables, etc. out of wood, concrete, brick, or stone. Hopefully we quickly covered all of the bases there.

One last bit of furniture advice: You can always start with the basics and add new pieces over time. Think about finding classic designs rather than the more trendy stuff that will seem dated after just a couple of years.

Fireplaces - What is better on a cool crisp night than sitting around a warm campfire? There is no reason you can't do this on your patio. One way is to build a stone fire pit on your patio. Or, you could find a nice metal or ceramic fireplace to compliment your patio décor. If you choose to go all out, you could have a pro install a gas burner for your fireplace so all you have to do is flip a switch and have instant fire. Whatever you do, please make sure your fireplace is far away from any thing that might catch fire.

Fountains - Have the feel of nature surround you with a peaceful and tranquil water fountain or a trickling garden stream. Perhaps have a rock-lined stream leading to a small goldfish pond. Use your imagination.

Waterfalls - Again, use some of the same ideas and build a backyard waterfall as part of your overall patio design. You could build it small or large, your choice. Pumps and equipment to make this all work are easy to find and affordable too.

Hot Tubs - This is self-explanatory. While not cheap, they really do take your patio design to a whole other dimension.

Patio décor is strictly a matter of taste. Use decor that helps to enhance the relaxing environment. Birdbaths, planters, clocks, and sundials are just a few outdoor accents to consider. How about using some fun tiki torches or light-up palm trees for a more tropical feel?

Patio cushions can also make all the difference. You could also bring out some extra accent pillows when you use the patio.

Enhance the mood with lighting. Special lighting and light fixtures can be used to really top off the whole patio design. Make sure and use waterproof and weather resistant lighting that's designed to be used outdoors.

Now that you are planning the design of your new patio, have you considered the best ways to finance it?

Check out Home Improvement and This informative site has articles, tips, ideas and project plans to help you to enhance and improve your home together with "invest in your nest" advice on Financing and Insurance options for your Home Improvement Remodeling.

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