Osha industrial safety



Keywords: osha industrial safety
Description: was created by the U.S. Congress in 1971 to develop and enforce workplace safety and health rules throughout the country, allows states to run their own safety and health programs as long as

  • was created by the U.S. Congress in 1971 to develop and enforce workplace safety and health rules throughout the country,
  • allows states to run their own safety and health programs as long as they are at least as effective as OSHA ("state plan states ") (www.osha.gov) ,
  • accepted Washington as a "state plan state " (www.osha.gov) (like 25 other states),
  • has jurisdiction in Washington State over only
    • workplaces with federal employees;
    • nonfederal employees working on federal reservations and military bases;
    • employees working on floating worksites (such as floating dry docks, fishing boats, construction barges); and
    • employees working for tribal employers on tribal lands; and
  • can be found online at www.OSHA.gov .
  • is a statute (state law) in the RCW. specifically RCW 49.17 (app.leg.wa.gov) (there are also other RCWs that relate to occupational safety and health );
  • empowers L&I to create and enforce safety and health regulations;
  • allows Washington rules/regulations to be more stringent than OSHA's, if needed;
  • applies to you if
    • you hire someone to work for you as an employee, including workers from a temporary agency;
    • you are hired to work for someone as their employee;
    • you have elected industrial insurance coverage for yourself if you own your own business or you are a corporate officer;
    • you have a contract with someone else that primarily involves personal labor, even though you are not required to pay industrial insurance or unemployment insurance premiums;
    • you volunteer your personal labor; or
    • you have volunteers working for you who receive any benefit or compensation; and
  • is further described in the pamphlet A Guide to Workplace Safety and Health in Washington State: What Every Employer and Worker Should Know (F416-132-000) .

DOSH (the Division of Occupational Safety and Health) is part of the Department of Labor and Industries (L&I) that

  • develops safety and health rules;
  • enforces safety and health rules by inspecting worksites for unsafe working conditions (read a report on how DOSH Enforcement & Consultation has impacted claims rates & costs here (53 KB PDF) );
  • provides free on-site consultations to help employers create safe and healthy workplaces;
  • provides free training, safety and health programs, and other resources to help prevent, find, and fix hazards;
  • was called WISHA Services (Washington Industrial Safety and Health Administration) until 2006; and
  • is a topic in the L&I online safety course History of Health & Safety – Why DOSH exists (24 minutes; click link to start).
  • is the collection of all state laws (the RCW) or a single statute (WISHA is an RCW) (other RCWs that relate to occupational safety and health) ,
  • is maintained by the Office of the Code Reviser (www.leg.wa.gov) (not by DOSH), and
  • gives "teeth" to regulations by giving them the force of law.

WAC/WACs (pronounced "wack/wacks") stands for "Washington Administrative Code" and

  • is the body of rules (the WAC) or individual rules (WACs) created to implement an RCW; and
  • spells out, in Chapter 296. L&I's safety and health requirements for employers.






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